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时间:2017-06-09 来源:未知 点击:
报告题目:Integrative Studies of Earthquakes: Combining Seismology, Geodesy and Geodynamics to Better Understand Major Earthquakes
报  告 人:Kevin Furlong 教授  宾夕法尼亚州立大学
邀  请 人:陈庭  副教授
Since the 2004 Mw 9.2 Earthquake offshore Sumatra, there has been a need to get a better understanding of the processes underlying great and damaging earthquakes. This has also been a time with substantial improvements in our data sets that provide observations of the earthquake rupture processes and deformation in the region of the earthquake prior to, during, and after these large earthquakes. In particular the availability of high quality global seismological data and increasing amounts of continuous GPS and InSAR geodetic data are providing us with constraints on the details of earthquake processes. These improved data sets are being matched with improved modeling tools to fully utilize the information contained in the geodetic and geophysical data. This has led to a new generation of integrative studies that combine seismological and geodetic data with improved geodynamic modeling to better characterize the earthquakes. Here I will provide several examples of such integrative studies, in particular focusing on recent subduction zone earthquakes (Chile, Vanuatu) and also the sequence of earthquakes on the South Island of New Zealand since 2010. Our overall conclusion is that each of these disciplines (seismology, geodesy, geodynamics) bring different capabilities to the analyses, and through integrating them we produce a better understanding of the underlying causes and consequences of these significant earthquakes.
Dr. Kevin P Furlong is professor of Geosciences at the Pennsylvania State University. He received his Ph.D. degree in Geophysics at the University of Utah. Kevin’s expertise is in geodynamics, plate tectonics, earthquake seismology, thermal geophysics, and numerical modeling. He has over 115 publications in refereed literature, plus a series of 18 seismo-tectonics maps focused on major plate boundary areas published with the U.S. Geological Survey. Dr. Furlong is a Fellow of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and the Geological Society of America and has been recognized at Penn State for both his research and teaching contributions, including being awarded the Eisenhower Award for Excellence in Teaching, the highest university award for teaching presented at Penn State. Dr. Furlong has received nearly 40 research grants from the US National Science Foundation and other US government agencies. In addition he has received grants from and consulted to the energy industry, and serves on numerous international review panels.