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[SCI]Decline of Geladandong Glacier Elevation in Yangtze River's Source Region: Detection by ICESat and Assessment by Hydroclimatic Data

时间:2017-04-01 来源:未知 点击:
Decline of Geladandong Glacier Elevation in Yangtze River's Source Region: Detection by ICESat and Assessment by Hydroclimatic Data

作者:Chao, NF (Chao, Nengfang)1 ] Wang, ZT (Wang, Zhengtao)2 ] Hwang, C (Hwang, Cheinway)2,3 ] Jin, TY (Jin, Taoyong)2 ] ;Cheng, YS (Cheng, Yung-Sheng)3 ]

REMOTE SENSING

 

卷: 9

 

期: 1

文献号: 75

DOI: 10.3390/rs9010075

出版年: JAN 2017


摘要

Several studies have indicated that glaciers in the Qinghai-Tibet plateau are thinning, resulting in reduced water supplies to major rivers such as the Yangtze, Yellow, Lancang, Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra in China, and south Asia. Three rivers in the upstream of Yangtze River originate from glaciers around the Geladandong snow mountain group in central Tibet. Here we used elevation observations from Ice, Cloud, and land Elevation Satellite (ICESat) and reference elevations from a 3-arc-second digital elevation model (DEM) of Shuttle Radar Terrestrial Mission (SRTM), assisted with Landsat-7 images, to detect glacier elevation changes in the western (A), central (B), and eastern (C) regions of Geladandong. Robust fitting was used to determine rates of glacier elevation changes in regions with dense ICESat data, whereas a new method called rate averaging was employed to find rates in regions of low data density. The rate of elevation change was -0.158 +/- 0.066 ma(-1) over 2003-2009 in the entire Geladandong and it was -0.176 +/- 0.102 ma(-1) over 2003-2008 in Region C (by robust fitting). The rates in Regions A, B, and C were -0.418 +/- 0.322 ma(-1) (2000-2009), -0.432 +/- 0.020 ma(-1) (2000-2003), and -0.321 +/- 0.139 ma(-1) (2000-2008) (by rate averaging). We used in situ hydroclimatic dataset to assess these negative rates: the glacier thinning was caused by temperature rises around Geladandong, based on the temperature records over 1979-2009, 1957-2013, and 1966-2013 at stations Tuotuohe, Wudaoliang, and Anduo. The thinning Geladandong glaciers led to increased discharges recorded at the river gauge stations Tuotuohe and Chumda over 1956-2012. An unabated Geladandong glacier melting will reduce its long-term water supply to the Yangtze River Basin, causing irreversible socioeconomic consequences and seriously degrading the ecological system of the Yangtze River Basin.

作者信息

通讯作者地址: Hwang, C (通讯作者)

       Wuhan Univ, Sch Geodesy & Geomat, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Hwang, C (通讯作者)
       Natl Chiao Tung Univ, Dept Civil Engn, 1001 Ta Hsueh Rd, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan.

 

地址:

       [ 1 ] Huazhong Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Phys, MOE Key Lab Fundamental Phys Quant Measurement, Wuhan 430074, Peoples R China
       [ 2 ] Wuhan Univ, Sch Geodesy & Geomat, Wuhan 430079, Peoples R China
       [ 3 ] Natl Chiao Tung Univ, Dept Civil Engn, 1001 Ta Hsueh Rd, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan

 

电子邮件地址:nfchao@hust.edu.cnztwang@whu.edu.cncheinway@mail.nctu.edu.twtyjin@sgg.whu.edu.cnking90663@gmail.com

基金资助致谢
基金资助机构 授权号
NSFC (China) 
41274032 
41474018 
41429401 
National 973 Project of China 
2013CB733301 
2013CB733302 
Basic Research Foundation of the Key Laboratory of Geospace Environment and Geodesy of Ministry of Education, Wuhan University 
14-02-04 
Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan 
103-2221-E-009-114-MY3 
104-2611-M-009-001 
出版商

MDPI AG, ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND

类别 / 分类

研究方向:Remote Sensing

Web of Science 类别:Remote Sensing

文献信息

文献类型:Article

语种:English

入藏号: WOS:000395492600074

ISSN: 2072-4292

期刊信息

Impact Factor (影响因子): 3.036